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J. Low Temp. Physics (2001) Submitted.
Influence of Backflow on Roton Quantum Evaporation
C.D.H. Williams and
School of Physics, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QL (UK).
Department of Physics, University of Loughborough, Loughborough, (UK).
(Submitted 29 June 2001)
Sobnack et al. recently investigated theoretically the effect of roton backflow on the scattering of atoms, rotons, and phonons at the free surface of superfluid helium-II at T = 0 K. They treated backflow semi-phenomenologically by modifying the potential in their earlier theory. This paper compares their predictions for the wave-vector dependence of roton quantum-evaporation with time-resolved experiments. It is found that the wave-vector dependence observed in the experiments is much less extreme than was predicted, and we discuss the implications of this result for this type of theory.
Keywords: liquid helium, quantum evaproation.