PHYM015 
Quantum Optics and Photonics 
202021 

Dr O. Kyriienko 


Delivery Weeks: 
T2:0111 

Level: 
7 (NQF) 

Credits: 
15 NICATS / 7.5 ECTS 

Enrolment: 
33 students (approx) 

Description
This module explores how light may be controlled and guided at the level
of few photons. It describes how quantum physics may be harnessed in the
future to offer new and exciting opportunities in manipulating light,
including quantum computing and communication. This module will range
over basic physics, mathematical formulation of quantum theory, and
topical applications.
Module Aims
This module aims to develop a detailed understanding of the physics that
underpins quantum optics and photonics, and learn the underlying
mathematical language. It will explores solutions to problems from topics at
the forefront of current optics research, such as the production and
manipulation of light in nonclassical states.
Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs)
A student who has passed this module should be able to:

Module Specific Skills and Knowledge:
 describe the fundamental properties of liqht;
 describe how sources produce light in special (e.g. coherent and singlephoton) states;
 explain the operation and applications of a range of photonic devices and systems;
 solve problems involving the interaction of
light with matter by applying quantum electrodynamics (QED);
 explain nonlinear optical response and calculate some of its classical and quantum effects;
 explain quantum teleportation and describe its significance for communicating
information about quantum states.

Discipline Specific Skills and Knowledge:
 solve mathematical problems;
 apply electrodynamics and quantum mechanics to devices, structures and systems.

Personal and Key Transferable / Employment Skills and Knowledge:
 develop selfstudy skills;
 solve problems.
Syllabus Plan

Quantum Mechanics
Dirac notation. Quantum evolution. Schrödinger, Heisenberg and interaction
pictures. Composite systems and entanglement.

Quantisation of the Electromagnetic Field
Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves and their relation to harmonic
oscillators. Quantum electromagnetic waves. Fock states. Electromagnetic
zeropoint energy.

SingleMode Quantum Light
Field and quadrature operators. Optical microcavities and experimental setups.

SingleMode Number States
Uncertainty relations. Signaltonoise ratio.

SingleMode Coherent States and Their Relation to Classical Light
Photon number distribution and nonclassical light detection. Electric field
uncertainty. Displacement operator.

Thermal Radiation and Fluctuations in Photon Number
Planck distribution. Statistical classification of optical states.

SinglePhoton Interference
Beam splitters. The MachZehnder interferometer.

TwoPhoton Interference and the HongOuMandel Effect

LightAtom Interactions
Electricdipole approximation. Perturbation theory. Absorption, stimulated and
spontaneous emission. Theory of lasing.

Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics
Rabi model. JaynesCummings model. Dicke model. Master equation.

Coherence Functions
Firstorder coherence. Secondorder coherence. Antibunching and single photon
emission: theory and experiments.

Nonlinear Optics and NonClassical Light
Nonlinear polarization. Parametric downconversion. Squeezed states of light.
Kerrtype nonlinearity.

Quantum Teleportation
The nocloning theorem. Entangled photon pairs and EinsteinPodolskyRosen states.
Quantum communication protocols. Teleportation.

Introduction to Quantum Computing
Qubits and quantum platforms. Quantum gates. Superdense coding. Quantum algorithms
for computation. Phase kickback and DeutschJozsa algorithm.
Learning and Teaching
Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Description 
Study time 
KIS type 
20×1hour lectures 
20 hours

SLT 
2×1hour problems/revision classes 
2 hours

SLT 
5×6hour selfstudy packages 
30 hours

GIS 
4×4hour problem sets 
16 hours

GIS 
Reading, private study and revision 
82 hours

GIS 
Assessment
Weight 
Form 
Size 
When 
ILOS assessed 
Feedback 
0% 
Guided selfstudy 
5×6hour packages 
Fortnightly 
18 
Discussion in class 
0% 
4 × Problems sets 
4 hours per set 
Fortnightly 
18 
Solutions discussed in problems classes. 
100% 
Final Examination 
2 hours 30 minutes 
May 
18 
Mark via MyExeter, collective feedback via ELE and solutions. 
Resources
The following list is offered as an indication of the type & level of information that
students are expected to consult. Further guidance will be provided by the Module Instructor(s).
Core text:
Supplementary texts:
ELE:
Further Information
Prior Knowledge Requirements
Prerequisite Modules 
Waves and Optics (PHY1023), Quantum Mechanics I (PHY2022) and Electromagnetism II (PHY3051) 
Corequisite Modules 
none 
Reassessment
Reassessment is not available except when required by referral or deferral.
Original form of assessment 
Form of reassessment 
ILOs reassessed 
Time scale for reassessment 
Whole module 
Written examination (100%) 
18 
August/September assessment period 
Notes: See Physics Assessment Conventions.
KIS Data Summary
Learning activities and teaching methods 
SLT  scheduled learning & teaching activities 
22 hrs 
GIS  guided independent study 
128 hrs 
PLS  placement/study abroad 
0 hrs 
Total 
150 hrs 


Summative assessment 
Coursework 
0% 
Written exams 
100% 
Practical exams 
0% 
Total 
100% 

Miscellaneous
IoP Accreditation Checklist 
 N/A this is an optional module

Availability 
unrestricted 
Distance learning 
NO 
Keywords 
physics; quantum optics; photonics; optics; Maxwell's equations; electodynamics; quantum mechanics. 
Created 
01Oct10 
Revised 
08Aug20 